Deeply Rooted

Deeply Rooted is an ASERL shared digital collection of primary source research materials describing economic, technological, and social factors significant to the development of agricultural practices, crops, technology, and agrarian life in the southeastern United States.

Deeply Rooted builds upon the work Mississippi State University Libraries began with their Consortium for the History of Agricultural and Rural Mississippi (CHARM).  Many of the items in Deeply Rooted are available online for the first time outside their original archives.  

Based on Minnesota Reflections' metadata entry guidelines.

Avoid extraneous punctuation or ending punctuation unless it is part of the content of the resource.
Avoid using abbreviations unless you are transcribing an element from the piece.
In general, capitalize the first word (of a title, for example) and proper names (place, personal, and corporate names) only. When using a thesaurus, follow the capitalization format used in its vocabulary. Capitalize content in the description field according to normal rules of writing. Do not enter content in all caps except for acronyms.
Initial Articles:
Leave off all initial articles such as: the, a, an, le, la, los, el, der, die, das, etc. in the title field.
According to the metadata policies of the Digital Public Library of America, which will house all metadata for Deeply Rooted, "any metadata imported into the DPLA, which is protected by copyright, is provided under a CC0 Public Domain Dedication."
  • Mandatory - Must be used.
  • Mandatory if Available - Must be used if available for your material type.
  • Optional - May include if desired.
Field Name Maps To Mandatory? Notes Example
Relation dc:relation Mandatory All records should have "Deeply Rooted" as the value of their first Relation field. <dc:relation>Deeply Rooted</dc:relation>
Title dc:title Mandatory Optionally include material type and dates in title (such as circa dates). <dc:title>Agronomy farm views of experimental plots at College Experiment Station</dc:title>
Subject dc:subject Mandatory Please use LCSH, LCNAF, or LC Thesaurus of Graphic Materials (TGM). <dc:subject>Agronomy and soils--Georgia--Athens</dc:subject>
<dc:subject>University of Georgia. College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences</dc:subject>
<dc:subject>Agricultural education--Georgia</dc:subject>
Description dc:description Mandatory NAL subject headings or other keywords can be provided in the free-text "dc:description" field. While these terms will not be available in the "browse" function, the description field is indexed/searchable within DPLA's main "search" function.
Description should include the following text (verbatim): This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.
Source dc:source Optional i.e., the publisher of the original analog item
collection piece is located in.
<dc:source>College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences (CAES) Photograph Collection, University Archives, Hargrett Library, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia</dc:source>
Publisher dc:publisher Optional The publisher of the original object (not the host of the digital object). <dc:publisher>Athens, Ga. : University of Georgia University Archives in association with the Digital Library of Georgia</dc:publisher>
Coverage.Temporal dc.coverage.temporal Mandatory A minimum of a decade must be provided for each item.
Date must be a number (not text).
Use ISO 8601 B.
Format dc:format Mandatory The format of the image or digital file, expressed in the MIME format. For example: image/tiff, image/jpeg, text/html, etc.
Optionally, insert extent information here. Extent     dcterms:extent
Identifier dc:identifier Mandatory i.e., whatever local identifier is used by the hosting library, not a new ID for this project
URI (preferably a persistent URL). ore:Aggregation     Is Shown At     edm:isShownAt
Rights dc:rights Optional Preferably, use Creative Commons license where applicable/available. <dc:rights>© University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd)</dc:rights>
Creator dc:creator Mandatory if Available Please use LCNAF if available. <dc:creator>Southerland</dc:creator>
Language dc:language Mandatory if Available Please use ISO 639-2.
Type dc:type Mandatory At a minimum, you must use the Dublin Core Type Vocabulary.
Optionally, use AAT.
<dc:type>Black-and-white photographs</dc:type>
Coverage.Spatial dc:coverage.spatial Mandatory Please use <dc:coverage.spatial>United States, Pennsylvania, Erie County, Erie</dc:coverage.spatial>
<dc:coverage.spatial>Erie, Pennsylvania, United States</dc:coverage.spatial>
<dc:coverage.spatial>Erie, PA</dc:coverage.spatial>
<dc:coverage.spatial>Erie (Penna.)</dc:coverage.spatial>
Contributor dc:contributor Mandatory Owner of the item
Require that at least 1 contributing institution be provided, using a controlled vocabulary.
<dc:contributor>Hargrett Library</dc:contributor>
Date dc:date Mandatory Use ISO 8601b. <dc:date>2014</dc:date>


<dc:title>Agronomy farm views of experimental plots at College Experiment Station</dc:title>
<dc:subject>Agronomy and soils--Georgia--Athens</dc:subject>
<dc:subject>University of Georgia. College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences</dc:subject>
<dc:subject>Agricultural education--Georgia</dc:subject>
<dc:description>Agronomy. This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural &amp; Rural History of the American South" project.</dc:description>
<dc:source>College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences (CAES) Photograph Collection, University Archives, Hargrett Library, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia</dc:source>
<dc:publisher>Athens, Ga. : University of Georgia University Archives in association with the Digital Library of Georgia</dc:publisher>
<dc:rights>© University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd)</dc:rights>
<dc:relation>Deeply Rooted</dc:relation>
<dc:type>Black-and-white photographs</dc:type>
<dc:coverage.spatial>Clarke County (Ga.)</dc:coverage.spatial>
<dc:coverage.spatial>Athens (Ga.)</dc:coverage.spatial>
<dc:contributor>Hargrett Library</dc:contributor>

Auburn University Libraries

The combined collections of the Auburn University Libraries contain over 3 million volumes as well as 2.6 million government documents, 2.5 million microforms, and over 148,000 maps. The library also has over 10 million archival and manuscript items. Collecting areas include agricultural history, aviation history, and Alabama history.

  • Agriculture and Rural Life Newspapers
    The Agriculture and Rural Life Newspapers collection contains Southern U.S. newspapers (digitized from microfilm) published in the last quarter of the Nineteenth Century. Most were published in Alabama, and most addressed a rural and agricultural audience. Article topics included agricultural science, livestock care, gardening tips, and household hints. One journal, The Manufacturers’ Review, focused on Alabama industry--the production of commodities such as textiles, lumber, coal, and iron.
  • Alabama Cooperative Extension Service Photographs
    The Alabama Cooperative Extension Service (ACES) collection contains over 600 photographs depicting the service's programs in the first half of the twentieth century. These photographs document Extension activities and offer a unique and evocative glimpse into Alabama agriculture, education, rural life and rural pastimes in the first decades of the last century, including the activities of the African-American Cooperative Extension Service.
  • Alabama Cooperative Extension Service Newsletters
    The Alabama Cooperative Extension Service Newsletters collection contains about 200 newsletters (digitized from microfilm) published by the Alabama Agricultural Extension Service from the years 1923 through 1947. These publications depict the service's programs during that time period, present the results of research performed by the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, and describe economic conditions for Alabama agriculture.
  • API Student Publications
    The API Student Publications collection contains about 500 magazines and newsletters (digitized from microfilm) published by students at Alabama Polytechnic Institute (later Auburn University). These publications were produced by Agricultural Club, Engineering Societies, and Pharmacy students from the 1920s through the 1950s.

Mississsippi State University Libraries

The purpose of the MSU Digital Library is to produce, maintain, preserve, and provide access to digital collections that support the mission of the University and the Libraries. In particular, the Digital Library strives to support teaching, service and research by developing digital projects that provide greater access to Library collections and other unique University holdings.

  • CHARM Digital Collection
    Materials in the CHARM Digital Collection include photographs, reports, and records from the MSU Extension Service, personal diaries and correspondence, business ledgers, daybooks, deeds, correspondence and other records relating to agriculture and timber industries, exhibition catalogs from fairs, and records of the cotton trade.
  • David Bowen Correspondence Collection
    The David Bowen Collection (U.S. Senator [D], 1973-1983) documents Bowen's key role in rice legislation, an interest he pursued throughout his five terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. As Representative of a district which included the Mississippi Delta, many of his constituents were rice farmers with a direct interest in the legislation.
  • Echoes of Lloyd-Ricks-Watson
    Mississippi State University's Lloyd-Ricks-Watson Building, built in 1929 to house agricultural programs, is home to the School of Human Sciences and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. "Echoes of Lloyd-Ricks-Watson" collects oral histories from people who have worked in this building.
  • Forest Resources Tool Collection
    The Cully A. Cobb Antique Tool Museum contains over 350 antique woodworking tools, farm implements, and household equipment. Items date to the 17th century, including axes, saws, planes, hammers, drills, chisels, adzes, mauls, and plow stocks. The digitization of these objects is an ongoing effort as part of the CHARM initiative.
  • John C. Stennis Agriculture Correspondence
    The John C. Stennis collection (U.S. Senator [D], 1947-1989) contains materials devoted to agricultural issues in the U. S. Congress, as well as problems faced by Mississippi farmers.
  • Langfitt Farm Families of the Week
    From 1954-1961, WLBT-TV in Jackson, Mississippi sponsored a program which was the creative product of Howard Langfitt (1919-1997), Farm Services Director. "RFD Televisit", an agricultural news and educational program, aired from 12:25-1:00 P.M. Monday through Friday and was sponsored by Hercules Powder Company, Monsanto, various rural electrification systems, and other companies that had an interest in the rural television market. Each program included farm news, agricultural weather and some type of demonstration of an approved farming or homemaking project. Langfitt relied heavily on county agricultural extension agents for projects and suggestions that went into producing the show. After leaving WLBT in 1961, Langfitt retained the film negatives and scripts which make up the collection. 366 families are represented in the collection by 342 television scripts, and some 16,600 negative images. The collection does not contain film or audio of any portion of the programs.

University of Kentucky Libraries

Kentucky's only comprehensive, land-grant research university, located in Lexington.

  • Horse Industry in Kentucky Oral History Collection
    This project contains interviews with a variety of Kentucky horse industry professionals from trainers, owners, and farm managers to jockeys and breeders. Subjects discussed include Kentucky politics and government, Kentucky Derby, racing organizations, national race tracks, Churchill Downs, horse racing, horse breeding, farm management, thoroughbred and saddlebred horses, African Americans in the horse industry, training, women in the horse industry, equine medicine, and laws and legislation. Thoroughbred industry project interviews conducted by Blood-Horse Magazine are also included in this collection.
  • Family Farms of Kentucky Oral History Collection
    This project focuses on the family farm in Kentucky. Interviewees reminisce about the communities where they grew up and how they have changed over time. A wide range of topics are discussed, including family histories, Kentucky Heritage Farm histories, changes in farm technology and agricultural practices, changes in transportation, commercial farming, subsistence farming, use of chemicals, food preparation and preservation, home remedies, farm organizations, division of labor on the farm, schooling, health and safety issues, African American farmers, and the future of the family farm. Varieties of livestock farming discussed include pork, beef, dairy, sheep, and poultry. Crops include tobacco and hemp.
  • Smith Family Papers
    George Washington Smith (1832-1908) was a farmer and, apparently, owner of a sawmill in Henderson County, Ky. The collection consists of a diary, a will, a letter and some genealogical material related to the Smith family of Smith Mills and Henderson, Ky.
  • Dana G. Card Papers
    The Dana G. Card papers consist of Card's research into hemp production and appear to have been collected mostly during the 1930s until the end of World War II, although materials span from 1913-1955.
  • Abijah and John Wesley Hunt Daybook
    The Abijah and John Wesley Hunt daybook (dated 1796 July 2-October 1; 0.02 cubic feet; 1 item) documents a portion of the Hunts' second year in the mercantile business in Lexington, Kentucky.
  • John Winston Coleman Jr. Collection on Slavery in Kentucky
    The John Winston Coleman, Jr. collection on slavery in Kentucky, 1780-1940 is comprised of manuscript materials (1780-1940) and photographs gathered by John Winston Coleman, Jr. (1898-1983) while conducting research for his book Slavery Times in Kentucky (1940).
  • Department of Anthropology Proposed Reservoir Area Studies
    The Department of Anthropology proposed reservoir area studies include photographs, interviews, statistics, observations and completed analyses of communities in the affected areas of proposed flood-control projects from 1968-1974, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1968-1971. The counties of Anderson, Mercer, Madison, Lee, Pendleton, Mason, Clay, Spencer, Nicholas, Robertson, Kenton, and Boone are represented within the collection.

University of Florida - George A. Smathers Libraries

The Libraries of the University of Florida form the largest information resource system in the state of Florida. The UF Libraries consist of seven libraries; six are in the system known as the George A. Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida. The libraries hold about 6.1 million volumes, 6.5 million microfilms, 899,296 e-books, 170,522 electronic journals, 1,165 electronic databases, and over 11 million digitized pages in the UF Digital Collections. The Libraries have built a number of internationally and nationally significant research collections, including the Latin American and Caribbean, Judaica, Florida History, Children's Literature, and Maps and Imagery Collections. The Smathers Libraries are a member of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Center for Research Libraries (CRL), and the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL).

  • Jerry Chicone Jr. Florida Citrus Label Collection
    Jerry Chicone Jr. began collecting Florida citrus crate labels in 1976 and is one of the founding members of The Florida Citrus Label Collectors' Association. He is the author of Florida Citrus Labels: An Illustrated History (1996) with Brenda E. Burnette and "Florida's First Billboards," Florida Citrus Crate Labels (2014), also with Brenda E. Burnette. He donated the labels in this digital collection to the George A. Smathers Library, University of Florida, in 2014 and 2015. They represent 45 years of his dedication in locating and preserving examples of citrus industry commercial art. There are 3,000 labels from Florida in the collection as well as 122 labels from Spain.
  • Little Stories of Florida Agriculture
    1930s publication of the University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
  • Ernest R. Graham Papers
    The Ernest R. Graham Papers contain correspondence and other written documents, photographs, and newspaper clippings, illustrating Graham's career in truck and dairy farming, as a public servant on the Dade Drainage Commission and the State Highway Board, as a member of the Florida Senate, and as a political campaigner for the Governor of Florida and Dade County Commission. There is strong emphasis on subjects such as horse racing and racketeering, the gubernatorial campaign, and on drainage and other forms of water control in Dade County and in the Everglades.
  • Royal Palm Nurseries Collection
    The Royal Palm Nurseries Collection includes correspondence of Pliny, Egbert, and Andrew Reasoner, and catalogs, manuals, and informational pamphlets related to the Royal Palm Nurseries from 1881-1930.

University of Georgia - Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library

The Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library of the University of Georgia consists of the Rare Book and Manuscript Library, the Georgiana Collection, the University of Georgia Archives and Records Management.

University of Louisville Libraries

The University of Louisville is a state supported research university located in Kentucky's largest metropolitan area.

  • Arthur Younger Ford (1861-1926) Photograph Albums
    The Arthur Younger Ford photograph albums were assembled in 1904 for display in the Kentucky Building at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. The two albums included herein contained 309 gelatin silver prints of Kentucky scenes from the Appalachian, Bluegrass, and Western portions of the state, dating from approximately 1890 - 1903.

University of Mississippi Libraries

The mission of the University of Mississippi Libraries is to serve the University's students and faculty by supporting the curricular and research programs, and secondarily to serve all Mississippians by preserving a current and retrospective record of their heritage.

  • Deeply Rooted Digital Collection
    Materials in the University of Mississippi's Deeply Rooted Digital Collection include ledgers and business records related to numerous agricultural businesses, large plantations, and smaller family farms from various regions in Mississippi during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Records cover topics such as slave labor in Mississippi, 19th century business methodology, agricultural practices, sharecropping, and Reconstruction-era agricultural businesses in Mississippi, among others.

Wake Forest University - Z. Smith Reynolds Library

Founded in 1834, Wake Forest University is a private university located in Winston-Salem, N.C., with nearly 8,000 students from 48 states and 46 countries. The University is a vibrant and diverse academic community where students study in one or more of the 42 majors and program offered within our six colleges and schools.

In September 2016, U.S. News ranked Wake Forest #27 in the country in their “Best Colleges” listings. From the same report, they were also ranked #6 in “Best Undergraduate Teaching” and #28 in “Best Value”.

  • Duke Tobacco Company Cigarette Cards
    In the late 19th century, colorful cigarette cards were an ideal way to advertise the use of tobacco, an increasingly popular and widespread diversion in the U.S. The earliest cards using single images dated from 1877. Over time as popularity escalated, series of images were produced to promote the sale of cards to collectors and traders. Cartophily, or the hobby of collecting cards, was born.

    The early success of cigarette cards led many companies to adopt this new advertising method. Subjects ranged from U.S. Presidents to cowboys to baseball. With the use of color lithography and mechanized printing, mass production of the cards was possible.

    The digital images in this collection represent cigarette cards dating from 1888. The cards were issued as advertisement for Duke Brothers and Company, Durham, N.C., and packed in Duke's cigarettes. This digital collection contains 103 cards.